Glossary of terms used on this site

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Endothelial dysfunction

is a condition in which the endothelium (inner lining) of blood vessels fails to function normally. It has become apparent that endothelial dysfunction is an important factor in coronary artery disease (CAD), hypertension and other cardiovascular conditions.

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Epicatechin is a natural plant phenol antioxidant (phytochemical) in a cis configuration, found in grapes, green tea and chocolate. It is a strong antixoidant and insulinomimetic, which reduces lipid peroxidation, inhibits platelet aggregation, controls vasodilation by regulating nitric oxide, and is thought to improve cardiac efficiency.

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Executive function

examines semantic fluency, drawing lines to connect a sequence of letters and numbers).

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