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In this prospective study, the risk of chronic kidney disease was lower among moderate drinkers compared to non-drinkers. Because coronary heart disease (CHD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) share many risk factors, it is possible that the moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages may also reduce the risk of CKD. However, the relationship is complex as alcohol increases blood pressure and may thus increase the risk of hypertension which is a major risk factor for CKD. On the other hand, alcohol…
This large prospective study from Harvard University examined comprehensively how a combination of multiple lifestyle factors may relate to life expectancy free from major diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Adherence to a healthy lifestyle at mid-life is associated with a longer life expectancy free of major diseases. The average life expectancy in the world has increased substantially in the past few decades. The ageing of the population has led to a high prevalence of chronic diseases such…
This critical review proposes to regard Mendelian Randomization (MR) as another type of observational study, not as an alternative to observational studies to determine causality. The researchers highlight the limitations of MR when applied to the associations of alcohol consumption with cardiovascular disease (1). MR is a method that is increasingly being used to conduct studies on alcoholic beverages and health and as result challenges the findings of previous research, such as the J-shaped curve. What does it mean: This…
In this publication, the evidence of observational and randomized controlled trials regarding the association between the Mediterranean diet (MD) and cancer as well as possible mechanisms involved, are assessed. The authors conclude that the Mediterranean diet (MD) seems clearly linked to preventing the development of cancer, as reported in observational studies and respective meta-analyses. Its individual components (fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, fish, moderate wine consumption and a reduced intake of red/processed meat) have also been linked to cancer…
The current study findings support the idea that a healthy lifestyle, i.e. following a Mediterranean Diet (MD), which includes moderate wine consumption, should be the first option to avoid bone fractures. The prevention of bone mass loss and related complications associated with osteoporosis is a significant public health issue. The Mediterranean Diet (MD) is favourably associated with bone health, a potentially modifiable risk factor. The objective of the study was to determine the adherence to the MD in a sample…
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