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This meta-analysis suggests that moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages is associated with a significantly decreased risk of gallstone disease. Chinese epidemiologists carried out a meta-analysis to quantitatively summarize the evidence from observational studies on alcohol consumption and the risk of gallstone disease. The results showed that the highest versus the lowest category of alcohol intake was associated with a statistically significant 38 % lower risk of gallstone disease. There was no difference between men and women, both had a statistically…
In this large prospective study, the researchers showed an umbrella-shaped association between the total intake of alcoholic beverages and the longitudinal change of the “good” HDL cholesterol. The decrease of HDL-cholesterol with age was lowest among moderate drinkers. Higher levels of the “good” HDL-cholesterol (HDL) are believed to be protective against cardiovascular disease and greater consumption of alcoholic beverages has been associated with higher HDL concentrations in a dose-response manner. As HDL is known to decrease with age, American and…
As soon as a new study confirms that moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages compared to abstinence is associated with a lower cardiovascular disease risk, critics challenge these findings referring to the “sick quitters” in the reference group. Their main argument is that in the reference group, former drinkers who quit drinking for health reasons will be misclassified as abstainers. The current study with nearly 2 million participants refutes this argument and confirms the J-shaped association of moderate consumption of alcoholic…
The current qualitative study intended to investigate whether health warnings can be effective in regulating alcohol consumption. This study is the first to explore the effectiveness of two mandatory health warnings introduced in France in 1991 (“Alcohol is harmful” displayed on alcohol advertisements) and 2007 (a pictogram on bottles). The results of this qualitative study (in-depth interviews with 26 French individuals, age 15-29 years) showed that both warnings suffered from a lack of visibility and noticeability due to their size,…
The results of this prospective study do not support a role of alcohol consumption in the development of ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease. For the first time, scientists from the multi-national EPIC-Study assessed prospectively the role of pre-disease alcohol consumption on the risk of developing ulcerative colitis (UC) or Crohn's disease (CD) (*). Out of 262 451 participants in six countries, 198 UC incident cases/792 controls and 84 CD cases/336 controls were included. Alcohol consumption was classified as either non-use,…
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