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The drinking pattern counts!…Among older moderate drinkers, those who engaged in occasional heavy drinking had a significantly increased total mortality risk compared to regular moderate drinkers. For several decades, researchers have realized that the pattern of drinking – regular versus binge drinking - determines whether the consumption of alcoholic beverages has net risks or benefits regarding health and mortality. Thus, analysing moderate drinking and total mortality risk and focusing on average consumption can mask diverse underlying drinking pattern, i.e. among…
The results of the largest study on diabetes in the world showed a lower risk of cardiovascular disease and death among type 2 diabetic moderate wine drinkers. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing worldwide and is greatly influenced by lifestyle factors such as overweight and lack of exercise. In the ADVANCE (Action in Diabetes and Vascular Disease) trial with more than 11,000 diabetic patients from 20 countries, including those in Eastern Europe, Asia, and established market economies in…
Tuesday, 25 March 2014 09:43

The dose makes the poison or the remedy

A group of American scientists recently published a critical review of the studies relating the consumption of alcoholic beverages to cardiovascular health and thereby explaining the importance of dose on the resulting effects. The researchers emphasized in the introduction that consuming alcoholic beverages is a double-edged sword and that probably no other health or lifestyle factor exists that can have such profound effects in either direction - either toxic or beneficial - depending on how it is used. On the…
Results from the Whitehall II prospective study showed that men consuming alcoholic beverages excessively (> 36 g/d) experienced a faster cognitive decline compared to moderate drinkers. The alcohol consumption of more than 7000 men and women with an average age of 56 years was recorded three times in the 10 years before the first cognitive assessment. Two more cognitive tests were performed during the 10 year follow-up. There were no differences in the cognitive decline among abstainers, quitters, and light…
Individuals who enjoy alcoholic beverages moderately throughout life, live longer. This benefit, largely due to fewer cardiovascular diseases but also other causes, was confirmed by the largest European Prospective Study into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study with approximately 380 000 participants in 8 countries. The evidence of a J-shaped association between intake of alcoholic beverages and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, particularly coronary heart disease (CHD), is well established, with the lowest mortality rate observed in light to moderate drinkers and…
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