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Tuesday, 25 March 2014 09:43

The dose makes the poison or the remedy

A group of American scientists recently published a critical review of the studies relating the consumption of alcoholic beverages to cardiovascular health and thereby explaining the importance of dose on the resulting effects. The researchers emphasized in the introduction that consuming alcoholic beverages is a double-edged sword and that probably no other health or lifestyle factor exists that can have such profound effects in either direction - either toxic or beneficial - depending on how it is used. On the…
Results from the Whitehall II prospective study showed that men consuming alcoholic beverages excessively (> 36 g/d) experienced a faster cognitive decline compared to moderate drinkers. The alcohol consumption of more than 7000 men and women with an average age of 56 years was recorded three times in the 10 years before the first cognitive assessment. Two more cognitive tests were performed during the 10 year follow-up. There were no differences in the cognitive decline among abstainers, quitters, and light…
Individuals who enjoy alcoholic beverages moderately throughout life, live longer. This benefit, largely due to fewer cardiovascular diseases but also other causes, was confirmed by the largest European Prospective Study into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study with approximately 380 000 participants in 8 countries. The evidence of a J-shaped association between intake of alcoholic beverages and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, particularly coronary heart disease (CHD), is well established, with the lowest mortality rate observed in light to moderate drinkers and…
Results from the Born in Bradford Study provide evidence for an increased risk of small for gestational age (SGA) births associated with binge drinking. Alcohol can cross the placenta during pregnancy to enter the baby’s blood and potentially alter the development of the fetus. Frequent alcohol use in early pregnancy has been linked to congenital malformations of the heart, brain and kidney. Excessive alcohol consumption throughout pregnancy can cause fetal alcohol syndrome and has been associated with preterm birth and…
Thursday, 13 February 2014 13:22

Drinking patterns do matter

Moderate intake of alcoholic beverages has been related to a lower mortality rate. However, there is more to it than the amount of alcohol. Spanish scientists examined the drinking patterns and concluded that the traditional Mediterranean drinking habits are associated with a lower risk of mortality. Researchers from the University of Navarra (Spain) have investigated the association between the overall alcohol drinking patterns and all-cause mortality in more than 18 000 participants for up to 12 years. The Mediterranean alcohol…
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