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For the first time, an association between a polyphenol metabolite, homovanillyl alcohol (present in virgin olive oil and wine and typical of a Mediterranean diet) and a lower risk of cardiovascular disease and total mortality in elderly individuals was shown. Hydroxytyrosol is a polyphenol present in two key components of the traditional Mediterranean diet: virgin olive oil (VOO) and wine. Hydroxytyrosol and its related phenolic compound tyrosol represent 70–80 % of the total polyphenol VOO content. In addition, hydroxytyrosol and…
This prospective study showed a lower risk of coronary heart disease among Chinese adults who consumed alcoholic beverages moderately up to 5 days per week. To investigate whether drinking patterns have an effect on coronary heart disease (CHD), Chinese researchers followed 8,469 Chinese men aged 45-81 years, who were free of CHD, stroke, or cancer at baseline for 4.4 years. After adjusting for possible confounding factors, the results showed that consuming 20-40 g of ethanol per drinking occasion was associated…
In these two prospective cohorts of older Spanish adults, a moderate intake of alcoholic beverages was associated with a lower risk of limitations in mobility, agility and instrumental activities of daily living. Several studies have linked a moderate intake of alcoholic beverages to a lower frequency of limitations in activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), in walking 2-3 blocks and climbing stairs. However, no previous investigation has assessed this association in older adults from Mediterranean…
This prospective study of middle-aged US women found that participants with higher intakes of specific flavonoid-rich foods, such as red wine, blueberries, strawberries, peppers and tea, had a lower all-cause mortality risk. Higher intakes of specific flavonoids (*) and flavonoid-rich foods have been linked to reduced mortality from specific vascular diseases and cancers. However, the importance of flavonoid-rich foods, and flavonoids in preventing all-cause mortality remains uncertain. Researchers from Harvard University in Boston (USA) therefore examined the association between the…
In this critical review, the effect of moderate intake of alcoholic beverages on cardiovascular and liver disease in patients with Non-Alcoholic-Fatty-Liver-Disease (NAFLD) was examined. Non-Alcoholic-Fatty-Liver-Disease (NAFLD) is defined as the presence of fat in the liver (hepatic steatosis) after the excluding secondary causes of fat accumulation in the liver (e.g. significant alcohol consumption, certain medications, and other medical conditions). NAFLD is now the most common chronic liver disease in high-income countries, and it is estimated to affect at least 25%–40%…
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