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When drinking more concentrated alcoholic beverages such as spirits on an empty stomach, it will result in a higher blood alcohol concentration than when the same amount of ethanol is consumed in the form of wine or beer. Because the absorption rate of ethanol is greater than the rate of elimination, both the amount of ethanol consumed and the rate of absorption are the key factors determining the peak blood alcohol concentration (BAC). The alcohol dehydrogenases enzymes in the liver…
The results of a recent study indicated that a moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages can positively affect the metabolic syndrome. The associations between self-reported alcohol consumption patterns and metabolic health was examined by US scientists in a sample of 7432 adults (≥ 20 years) who were participants in the 1999-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. In this study population, moderate alcohol consumption (MAC, defined as less than 2 drinks/d for men and less than 1 drink/d for women) was…
The results of a recent study showed that moderate red wine consumption can positively affect the blood flow parameters of healthy volunteers. This evidence can help to explain the French paradox. Several epidemiological studies have ascertained that regular and moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and have observed a J-shaped association as a function of alcohol intake. This J-curve has also been shown between alcohol intake and total mortality with the lowest at 2-4…
The results of the INTERHEART study, carried out by Canadian and UK researchers in 52 countries, confirmed that in most participants, moderate levels of alcohol intake were associated with a lower risk of heart attack. However, such a protective effect was not observed in South Asian countries. While moderate intake of alcoholic beverages is associated with protection against myocardial infarction (MI), it is not known whether this is generalizable to populations worldwide and whether heavy episodic consumption negates any beneficial…
Moderate intake of alcoholic beverages seems to be associated with a significant protective effect on developing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic liver disease and its prevalence has been continuously rising over the past decade in most parts of the industrialised world. NAFLD occurs when the liver has trouble breaking down fats, causing fat to build up in the liver tissue. It is defined as the fattening of the liver cells (with > 5,5%…
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