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A Greek study reported that those individuals who consumed up to one glass per day had a 53% lower risk of developing diabetes within 10 years compared to abstainers. Diabetes mellitus is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. According to the International Diabetes Federation, its global prevalence was approximately 8% in 2011 and is predicted to rise up to 10% by 2030. However, many governments and public health planners remain largely unaware of the current prevalence of diabetes…
A large cohort study showed that light consumption of alcoholic beverages (1 drink/day) was associated with a favourable effect on the individual Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) components. Light drinking might therefore moderate the negative effect of smoking on MetS. The Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is present in approximately quarter of the adult European population and is mainly the consequence of overweight and obesity. The syndrome is made up of several components such as a high plasma glucose level, high triglycerides, low HDL…
Monday, 28 July 2014 13:49

Can wine trigger migraine attacks?

Studies suggest that in individuals prone to migraine attacks, red wine may trigger headaches and migraine attacks in less than 1/3 of the cases. The idea of migraine attacks triggered by food and beverages (red wine in particular) has been disseminated for centuries. Physicians from the Headache Centre of Rio de Janeiro carried out a literature review from the last 30 years on wine and headache. In addition, available technical literature and websites about wine, grapes, and wine making were…
Moderate intake of alcoholic beverages seems to be associated with lower risks of abdominal aortic aneurysm. An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is an abnormal area of localised widening (ballooning) of the abdominal aorta, exceeding the normal diameter by more than 50%. The wall of an aneurysm is weaker than that of a normal artery wall. The pressure of the blood inside the artery causes the weaker section of the wall to balloon. This normally does not cause any symptoms. Occasionally,…
When drinking more concentrated alcoholic beverages such as spirits on an empty stomach, it will result in a higher blood alcohol concentration than when the same amount of ethanol is consumed in the form of wine or beer. Because the absorption rate of ethanol is greater than the rate of elimination, both the amount of ethanol consumed and the rate of absorption are the key factors determining the peak blood alcohol concentration (BAC). The alcohol dehydrogenases enzymes in the liver…
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