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Updated information about scientific approaches and research field.

The results of this study suggest that frequent light drinking, even less than an average of one drink/day, is protective of heart attack. Compelling evidence suggests that light-to-moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a reduced risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI = heart attack). In this prospective study, data from 58 827 participants from rural Norway, a region with typically light consumption of alcoholic beverages and many abstainers who were not ex-heavy drinkers were examined. Their quantity and frequency of…
The current CASCADE study is the first large, long-term randomized controlled trial with wine. The results suggest a better lipid and glucose control when alcohol-abstaining type 2 diabetics initiated moderate wine consumption combined with a healthy diet and had no significant harmful effects. Genetic tests might help identify diabetic patients who potentially can benefit from moderate drinking. Prospective, epidemiological studies consistently found for decades that the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus is reduced among moderate drinkers in comparison…
A UK study suggests that the drinking guidelines derived from epidemiological data lack relevance for adult drinkers who moderate their alcohol intake according to their own knowledge and risk perceptions resulting from their own experience. This qualitative study explored how the concept of lay epidemiology (*) could enhance the understanding of how drinkers respond to current UK drinking guidelines. In general, current drinking guidelines are perceived as having little relevance to participants’ drinking behavior and were generally disregarded for three…
Heavy drinking (more than 5 drinks/day) is associated with an increased risk of heart failure in men with ischemia (insufficient blood supply to an organ due to a blocked artery) compared to moderate drinkers. Some studies have shown that light-to-moderate drinking may be associated with a reduced risk of heart failure (HF) but the evidence is not consistent. British scientists therefore recently examined the association between the consumption of alcoholic beverages and HF in 3530 men, aged 60-79 years. After…
The current study indicates that the blood sugar control was improved among those Japanese diabetic women who consumed alcoholic beverages moderately and this was independent of body weight. Several meta-analysis of prospective studies have shown that moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages can reduce the risk for type-2-diabetes. However, it remains to be clarified whether the relationship between alcohol and diabetes is influenced by adiposity. Japanese researchers examined data from 18 352 Japanese women, 35 to 60 years of age, who…
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