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In April, a meta-analysis “Risk thresholds for alcohol consumption: combined analysis of individual-participant data for 599 912 current drinkers in 83 prospective studies” with more than 100 authors, among them many renowned scientists, was published in the well-known journal The Lancet. The Lancet issued a press release to communicate the results of the study: “Alcohol limits in many countries should be lowered, evidence suggests” Examining the original data more carefully, including those in the supplementary appendix of the publication, the…
In this community-based study of middle-aged white men, heavy consumption of alcoholic beverages was significantly associated with a higher aortic calcification. Light to moderate drinking was not related to aortic calcification. Thus, heavy alcohol consumption may be an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis. Although a J-shaped association has been very well established between light to moderate alcohol consumption and coronary heart disease, it is not clear whether consuming alcoholic beverages has an impact on atherosclerosis. To investigate the relationship between…
This study is the first to investigate the impact of alcohol intake on mortality from five leading causes of death in Japan. The results suggest a J-shaped association* between the consumption of alcoholic beverages and the risk of total mortality and three leading causes of death (heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, cancer). However, heavy drinking increased the risk of mortality and highlights the importance of moderate drinking together with “liver holidays”. Several studies have reported health benefits for light-to-moderate drinkers of…
The results of this review show that moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages can generally reduce the risk of developing diabetes and improve the cardiovascular health of individuals with diabetes. In the past, many studies have examined whether alcohol consumption confers benefits to people with existing diabetes or to individuals at risk. Recently, US scientists reviewed 96 studies and summarized their results about the risk of developing diabetes at varying levels of alcohol consumption as well as the effects on cardiovascular…
In an aging population, the risk of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, etc. needs to be prevented. The damages associated with such diseases occur in the body’s cells due to oxidative stress. Plant-derived polyphenols, in particular resveratrol, have received increased scientific attention as antioxidants and potential health benefits have been attributed to moderate wine consumption. However, the low amounts of resveratrol when drinking wine moderately may not be sufficient to prevent biological damage. Aging and the associated chronic…
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