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The current study examined whether different alcoholic beverages (beer/cider, red and white wine/champagne, spirits) are differentially related to body composition. Decades of epidemiological research have shown conflicting findings when it comes to intake of alcoholic beverages and adiposity. The intake of alcoholic beverages has been associated with both higher and lower body weight. Very few studies have assessed how specific types of alcoholic beverages may differentially influence body composition. To assess how alcohol may influence body composition, the patterns of…
Glaucoma is one of the most common eye diseases and is characterized by the progressive damage of the optic nerve associated with the loss of the visual field. In addition to early detection and early reduction of the intraocular pressure, other risk factors to reduce the incidence of glaucoma have been examined. The relationship between modifiable risk factors, such as diet and lifestyle, and glaucoma remains controversial. A Spanish research team has analysed the effect of the Mediterranean lifestyle (ML)…
Unhealthy eating patterns are – besides smoking and a sedentary lifestyle – contributing to a higher risk of degenerative diseases and a higher risk to die from any cause (all-cause mortality). Various beverages, especially sugar-sweetened beverages have also been implicated in contributing to various health problems. The intake of alcoholic beverages, coffee and tea and their health effect is less clear. A new study examined how alcohol from wine and non-wine alcoholic beverages as well as coffee and tea are…
In this large prospective study (data from the UK Biobank cohort), a high healthy lifestyle index (HLI), which is composed of good diet quality, low consumption of alcoholic beverages, no smoking, moderate to high physical activity, and waist circumference < 80 cm was associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer among postmenopausal women. The authors concluded that following a healthy lifestyle may reduce the risk of breast cancer among normal weight postmenopausal women. The results of this study show…
While excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages has been associated with an increased risk of developing osteoporosis, there are still controversial data regarding light to moderate intake. The results of this meta-analysis showed a consistent evidence that increased consumption of alcoholic beverages is associated with a higher risk of osteoporotic fractures. However, the role of alcohol at lower doses is uncertain, since bone mineral density (BMD) was even higher in moderate consumers compared to abstainers. The authors explain that interpreting the…
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