Tuesday, 07 February 2023 14:44

Mediterranean Alcohol-Drinking Pattern and Arterial Hypertension in the "Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra" (SUN) Prospective Cohort Study

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Alcohol drinking patterns may determine the risk of hypertension and may also modify the detrimental effect of high alcohol intake. We prospectively evaluated the effect of the Mediterranean alcohol-drinking pattern and its interaction with the amount of alcohol consumed on the incidence of arterial hypertension. In the "Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra" (SUN) cohort, we followed-up 13,805 participants, all of them initially free of hypertension, during a maximum period of 16 years.

Information about diet, chronic diseases, lifestyle and newly diagnosed hypertension was collected using validated questionnaires. We used a 7-item score (0 to 9 points) that jointly considered moderate alcohol consumption, distributed over the week, with meals, and a preference for red wine and avoidance of binge-drinking.

During 142,404 person-years of follow-up, 1443 incident cases of hypertension were identified. Low adherence (score < 2) to the Mediterranean alcohol-drinking pattern was significantly associated with a higher incidence of hypertension (multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio 1.81, 95% confidence interval 1.09-2.99) as compared to the high-adherence (score > 7) category. Among alcohol consumers, a high adherence to the MADP is associated with a lower incidence of hypertension. Compared with abstinence, a high adherence did not seem to differ regarding its effect on hypertension risk.

Additional Info

  • Authors:

    Hernandez-Hernandez, A.;Oliver, D.;Martinez-Gonzalez, M. A.;Ruiz-Canela, M.;Eguaras, S.;Toledo, E.;de la Rosa, P. A.;Bes-Rastrollo, M.;Gea, A.

  • Issue: Nutrients. 2023 Jan; 15(2): 307. Published online 2023 Jan 7. doi: 10.3390/nu15020307
  • Published Date: Jan 2023
  • More Information:

    For more information about this abstract, please contact
    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. at the Deutsche Weinakademie GmbH

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