Alcohol intake from early adulthood to midlife and mammographic density

PURPOSE: Moderate alcohol consumption (15 g/day) has been consistently associated with increased breast cancer risk; however, the association between alcohol and mammographic density, a strong marker of breast cancer risk, has been less consistent. Less is known about the effect of patterns of alcohol intake across the lifecourse.

METHODS: Using the Early Determinants of Mammographic Density study, an adult follow-up of women born in two US birth cohorts (n = 697; Collaborative Perinatal Project in Boston and Providence sites and the Childhood Health and Development Studies in California), we examined the association between alcohol intake in early adulthood (ages 20-29 years) and at time of interview and mammographic density (percent density and total dense area). We report the difference between nondrinkers and three levels of alcohol intake. We considered confounding by age at mammogram, body mass index, geographic site, race/ethnicity, and reproductive characteristics.

RESULTS: Seventy-nine percent of women reported ever consuming alcohol. Compared to nondrinkers in early adulthood, we observed an inverse association between >7 servings/week and percent density in fully adjusted models (beta = -5.1, 95 % CI -8.7, -1.5; p for trend = <0.01). Associations with dense area were inverse for the highest category of drinking in early adulthood but not statistically significant (p for trend = 0.15). Compared to noncurrent drinkers, the association for current intake of >7 servings/week and percent density was also inverse (beta = -3.1, 95 % CI -7.0, 0.8; p for trend = 0.01). In contrast, moderate alcohol intake (>0-</=7 servings/week) in either time period was positively associated with dense area; but associations were not statistically significant in fully adjusted models.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study does not lend support to the hypothesis that the positive association between alcohol intake and breast cancer risk is through increasing mammographic density

Additional Info

  • Authors:

    McDonald,J.A.; Michels,K.B.; Cohn,B.A.; Flom,J.D.; Tehranifar,P.; Terry,M.B.

  • Issue: Cancer Causes Control / pages 493-502 / volume 27
  • Published Date: 2016/4
  • More Information:

    For more information about this abstract, please contact
    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. at the Deutsche Weinakademie GmbH

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