Impact of moderate Prenatal Alcohol Exposure on Problem Behaviors in Preschool and School Children

Data on the relation between moderate prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and behavioral disorders are inconsistent, and this raises new questions.We examined (1) the association between moderate PAE and problem behaviors and (2) whether these associations differed by levels of socioeconomic status (SES), fetal smoke exposure, or exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). Data were taken from the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS) study. Parents evaluated children's behaviors using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Results showed a slight, but insignificant, increase of problem behaviors in children with moderate PAE. In 3- to 6-year-olds, PAE had a stronger effect on hyperactivity/inattention in combination with fetal smoke exposure (odds ratio = 2.82), than did PAE alone. Effects were not stronger in low-SES children, but they were stronger in children with ETS. We conclude that moderate PAE might have adverse effects on neurodevelopment, with strongereffects in disadvantaged populations. To confirm our preliminary findings, further research should be conducted.

Additional Info

  • Authors:

    Pfinder M; Liebig S.; Feldmann R.


  • Issue: Zeitschrift für Entwicklungspsychologie und Pädagogische Psychologie (Impact Factor: 0.67); 46(2):89-100. DOI: 10.1026/0049-8637/a000106
  • Published Date: 04/2014
  • More Information:

    For more information about this abstract, please contact 

    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. at the Deutsche Weinakademie GmbH

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