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A study evaluated the association between the amount and frequency of alcohol consumption and incident dementia in 53,311 older Japanese adults over a long follow-up period. A health checkup questionnaire was used to assess the amount and frequency of alcohol consumption. The authors conclude that occasional or daily moderate drinking of alcoholic beverages (≤ 2 units per day), could reduce the risk of incident dementia compared to non-drinkers, with greater benefit for men with this level of daily consumption. Liu…
Cognitive decline is a common consequence of ageing. Alcohol consumption is a modifiable and plausible risk factor for age-related cognitive decline but more longitudinal studies investigating the association are needed. The researchers assessed the relationship of self-reported adult-life weekly alcohol consumption and weekly extreme binge drinking with changes in test scores on an identical validated test of intelligence completed in early adulthood and late midlife. 2,498 Danish men from the Lifestyle and Cognition Follow-up study 2015 were included in the…
A study examined patterns of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm with a survey among 2.191 university students (age range 18-25) from Denmark, England, Germany, Italy, Portugal and Switzerland. Besides the demographic variables, the participants completed the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). This study showed that the majority of university students did not report hazardous drinking. European university students mainly scored negative in the AUIT test suggesting low risk patterns of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm. However, students from Northern…
A meta-analysis was carried out for randomized interventional trials which evaluated the effect of moderate wine intake on blood pressure (BP), glucose parameters and lipid profiles in T2DM patients. This meta-analysis showed that moderate wine consumption among type 2 diabetics could reduce the level of diastolic blood pressure and total cholesterol, but not glucose parameters and other cardiovascular risk factors. Ye J, Chen X, Bao L.,Effects of wine on blood pressure, glucose parameters, and lipid profile in type 2 diabetes…
In August 2018, the Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) was published in the Lancet and made headlines claiming no safe level of alcohol intake exists (*). Now, 10 months later, the Lancet finally published the critical responses received from a number of renowned scientists who commented on the methodology and the incorrect conclusions drawn. Among them: Di Castelnuovo A, Costanzo S, de Gaetano G state: …“the most reliable way to reach a definite conclusion is to analyse the association…
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